Location: just east of Cuba, south of Florida. Shares an island with the Dominican Republic.
Size: 27,750 sq km (about the size of Maryland)
Population: about 10.6 million people
Capital city: Port-au-Prince
Climate: Average 73.4 *F in January to 87.8 *F in July
Language: French, Haitian Creole
As of 2016:
Government: There is currently an interim government in place. Elections were tentatively scheduled for April 24, 2016.
Literacy rate: 60.7%
The enrollment rate for primary school is 88%, mostly managed by nongovernmental organizations (churches, non-profit operators, communities, etc...) and fewer attend school above 6th grade.
Doctor to patient ratio: 1 to 1,250. Many of these doctors are in the cities, in rural areas it is 1 to 4,000 or more.
Only 40% of the population has access to basic health care
Roughly 75% of Haitian households lack running water.
Ninety percent of Haiti’s children suffer from waterborne diseases and intestinal parasites.
Infant mortality: 59.69 deaths/1,000 live births (6.22 in US)
Income: $1300 GDP per capita, but the Gross National Income (GNI) per capita is only $660.
Unemployment rate: 40.6% (2010) but 2/3 of the labor force do not have formal jobs.
Life expectancy: 60.7 years
Haiti is the poorest country in the western hemisphere. 80% of its people are under the poverty line. 54% of the people are in abject poverty. Only 16% of rural Haiti has adequate sanitation and less than 1/3 have safe drinking water.
There are somewhere between 180,000 – 300,000 child domestic servants (slaves) in Haiti.
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